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Push existing repository to new remote

git remote add <name of new remote> <HTTPS or SSH URL>
git push <name of new remote> master

Pretty-print branch graph

git log --all --decorate --oneline --graph

Move master back X amount of commits

git checkout master
git reset --hard <old_commit_id>
git push -f origin master

Replay changes on master to some other branch

Beware of blindly accepting any incoming changes in favor of your own. From here.

git checkout master
git pull
git checkout different_branch
git rebase -Xtheirs master
git push --force

Show changed files in specified commit hash

From here.

git diff-tree --no-commit-id --name-only <commit hash>

Create patch file from diff

git diff file.json > file.patch

Create patch file from commit

git show <commit hash> > commit.patch

Apply patch file

git apply commit.patch

Bulk create patch files from individual files when running git diff in a repository

From here.

  blocks=$(git diff | sed -n '/diff/,/(diff|$)/ {/diff / s/^/\;/; p}'); \
  for block in ${blocks#;}; do \
    echo "$block" > $(echo "$block" | head -n 1 | rev | cut -d "/" -f 1 | rev).patch; \
  done; \

Show diff of stashed hunk

git stash show -p [stash@{N}]

Bulk create separate stashes of every changed file with a message equaling the filename

git status -s | cut -d " " -f 3 | xargs -I {} git stash push {} -m "{}"

Pop every entry from the stash back to the working tree

git stash list | cut -d ":" -f 1 | xargs -I {} git stash pop

Move unpushed commits to a new branch

Pull latest changes from ‘origin/master’ if haven’t already. From here.

git checkout -b new_branch
git checkout master
git reset --hard origin/master

Copy commit to current branch

git cherry-pick <commit hash>

Undo pushed commit that nobody has yet pulled

git reset HEAD^ --hard
git push --force origin

View history of specific function in file

git log -L :<function>:<file>

Speed up Git for larger repositories

git config feature.manyFiles 1

Search through history for a specific word

git rev-list --all | ( while read revision; do git grep -F 'word' "$revision"; done; )

Delete remote branch

git push origin --delete branch/name

Bulk reset author of multiple (unpushed) commits (e.g. 9)

Set correct user name and email prior to this.

git rebase --onto HEAD~9 --exec "git commit --amend --reset-author --no-edit" HEAD~9

Re-order commits

Oldest commit will be at the top. Move commit down with ddp. Move commit up with ddkP

git rebase --interactive

Search for ‘something’ in a commit message

git log --all -i --grep='something'

Search for ‘something’ through all commits’ contents

git grep 'something' $(git rev-list --all)

Clean new untracked files and directories

  • -d: recurse into directories as well
  • -f: go ahead with deletion
  • -n: dry-run
$ git clean -dn
Would remove mdbook
Would remove public/snippets/
$ git clean -df
Removing mdbook
Removing public/snippets/

Various Git aliases